Edith Wharton's 'background' - the word is her own - has always seemed improbable for a future novelist. Persistent rumours that she was not the daughter of George Frederic Jones but the illegitimate offspring of a Scottish peer or an English tutor clearly attest to a sense that there was something otherwise inexplicable about this ambitious daughter of Old New York. Her autobiography, A Backward Glance (1934), says nothing about these rumours, but it is easy to see how her own accounts of the past would have fuelled them. Despite the fact that she recalled 'making up' stories from her first conscious moment, both her memoirs and her fiction represent the world of her childhood as pretty much impervious to the imagination. 'In the well-regulated well-fed Summers world,' her heroine recalls in The Reef (1912), 'the unusual was regarded as either immoral or ill-bred, and people with emotions were not visited.' Anna Leath's memory of Old New York is scarcely distinguishable from her creator's. 'In a community composed entirely of people like her parents and her parents' friends she did not see how the magnificent things one read about could ever have happened.'
LRB 5 April 2007 | PDF Download